Facts and figures about Macedonia and its famous cities

About Macedonia: Republic of Macedonia is located in South-East Europe, at the center of the Balkan Peninsula, covering 25.713км2. Its terrain is characterized with massive mountains, intersected with wide valleys and lowlands. The country is bounded with Serbia and Kosovo in the North, Bulgaria in the East, Greece in the South and Albania in the West. The significance of Macedonia’s geographic position, being a central Balkan country neighboring with five countries diverse in their potential and development, is that all of them are directed toward mutual trade and complementing economies, mainly through the territory of Republic of Macedonia.

About Bitola: The second largest and one of the oldest cities in Republic of Macedonia, Bitola is located in the southwestern part of the country. It was founded as Heraclea Lyncestis in the middle of the 4th century BC by Philip II of Macedon. It has been known since the Ottoman period as “the city of the consuls”, since many European countries have consulates in Bitola. Bitola is an administrative, cultural, industrial, commercial, and educational centre. The city life beats along the well-known high street Shirok Sokak, through the Old Bazaar to the beautiful mysterious landscapes in its vicinity. The unique aged and recent architecture, the natural beauty that surrounds it and the hospitality of its citizens are what people who have visited Bitola never forget. You will come to perceive this town as a treasure of priceless physical and spiritual culture, created through the centuries by known and unknown craftsmen. A short distance from the city there are beautiful mountains and lowland areas which are ideal for artists and nature-lovers alike. Also, two of the most beautiful lakes in this part of the Balkans, Lake Ohrid and Lake Prespa are located in close vicinity to Bitola, and so is the Mariovo area. The city is well-connected by highways and regional roads to Skopje and Thessaloniki, which are the nearest airports in the region.

About Skopje: Skopje is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Macedonia. The town is located on the upper course of the river Vardar, on the major north – south route on the Balkan peninsula, between Belgrade and Athens. It is characterized with 2000 years old tradition which contributes to its attractiveness as a historical and cultural center. Skopje is also Macedonia’s major political, economic and educational city, with almost one million residents. The city is famous for the Millennium Cross, Stone Bridge, Old Bazaar, the monastery of St. Panteleimon, the Islamic monuments Sultan Murat’s Hjunkar Mosque, the Daut Pasha’s bath, the 1500 years old fortress Kale.

About Ohrid: The shores of the Lake Ohrid were inhabited since primeval times, around 6000 years B.C. Archaeological finds indicate that Ohrid is one of the oldest human settlements in all of Europe. The lake itself is over three million years old. During the Byzantine period, Ohrid became a significant cultural and economic center, serving as an episcopal center of the Orthodox Church and as the site of the first European university run by St. Kliment and St. Naum at the end of the 9th century. At the beginning of the 11th century, Ohrid briefly became the capital of the great Samuil empire, whose fortress still presides over the city today. The town as we know it today was built mostly between the 7th and 19th centuries. Aside of the lake, Ohrid is most famous for its ancient churches, basilicas, and monasteries where Saints Kliment and Naum wrote their teachings and formulated the Cyrillic alphabet.

About Krusevo: The town of Krusevo is the seat of Krusevo Municipality. It is a mountainous city, situated at an altitude of 1,350 meters. Therefore, Krusevo is the highest town in Macedonia, known for its 19th-century domestic architecture. It has old and more recent houses built in the style of old Macedonian architecture. It is the home of Meckin Kamen, a historical landmark which marks the spot of the 1903 uprising . On August 2 every year, it is the site of the traditional Macedonian Independence Day celebrations. Krusevo is also the home of the  Makedonium monument, dedicated to the Ilinden Uprising and the Krusevo Republic, and many museums of the Ilinden Uprising. The Memorial House of Toše Proevski is also located  in Krusevo.

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